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Internet art

December 15, 2009

With the continuous development of Internet technology, it is inevitable that internet art appeared in the world these years.  What is Internet art? The concept of Internet art is: Internet art (often referred to as net art) is art which uses the Internet as its primary medium or platform. Artists working in this manner are sometimes referred to as net artists. Around the world, some avant-garde artists like to create their works and explore their potential of art through the internet.  We can find it everywhere now: music, video, audio, blog, exhibitions online, images of paintings uploaded for viewing in an online gallery, games and so on.

Contrast with the traditional art, it is totally the different condition of internet art. Internet art is the challenge to traditional things, new concepts, and a new age, a movement, a revolution of art. It is a new way to contact people and art. Far from the studios and galleries that sheltered art in past centuries, creative people sitting at computer keyboards are tearing apart and rebuilding their society’s vision of itself. Though they may call themselves scientists, activists, or hackers rather than poets or performers, today’s electronic visionaries are redefining art for the Internet age. Art’s recent eruption in fields as diverse as artificial life, computer games, and community activism reveals a seismic shift in the role it plays in society. No longer content to sit on a pedestal or auction block, these works infiltrate stock markets, sway court cases, and network bedrooms, reaching across the globe to expand the edge of art. But is every instance of creativity, from shrewd e-commerce ventures to clever toy designs, equally valid as art? Has the distinction between art and non-art become irrelevant in an age when art and science, commerce and fashion are all whipped together in the global culture blender we call the Internet? The answer is no, though the reason has little to do with the traditional rationales for defining art, be they to distinguish high and low culture or to validate creative programs in academic settings. Art may be temporarily out of place, but society needs to make a place for it. Because society needs art to survive. That’s why internet art can survive. Art need to comply with society. But may be after several years, a new art element will come with some new technical and become a new mainstream of our society. Internet art will die just like Dada, momentary exist.

So, Dose internet art is real art or only a joke?

Art’s definition is changing, different period have different definition of art. The definition and evaluation of art has become especially problematic since the early 20th century. So we can’t judge any art through the same way or same concept. However, I believe that the only rule of art which is must not change forever is: real art is all come naturally, no acting; don’t have any purpose; it is a real feeling from the artist’s heart and their true personality. It is the most beautiful reflection of our thought and real life. It’s a desire. “Nature gives the rule to art.”

Internet art is only exist in the internet, that means it is virtual and can’t touch. In my point of view, Internet art have very closed relationship with commercial activity, sometimes internet art is for commerce. As we all known, Internet is the most fast, convenient tool to communicate people all over the world, no matter where they were, have internet means have the “whole world”. It is the best way to sell artists’ art works. When they realize their media image can bring economic benefits to them directly, most artists start to admit that internet can be an art. The commercial attitude must be influence the quality and the themes of their art works. Internet art is not a pure art, it including a lot of other elements like: fashion, new technology, etc, to canter to people’s aesthetics.

For me, I like traditional art more than Internet art. It’s more real than Internet art. Internet art is only exists in the Internet, that means it is virtual and can’t touch. Internet only a tool and media for communication, we can’t say that art in Internet is Internet art.

So, Internet art is an “x”—an unknown numerical. It is so hard to define it (art or tool) and nobody can tell if internet art can survive forever or will become undesirability and out of the popular. But now, Internet art really is an imp active, hot, grateful art form in all over the world.


Modernism and Postmodernism

December 2, 2009

The concept of modern art can be referred back to the last nineteenth century and into the early twentieth century, the movement of modernist is a close affinity with the term modern art. Modern art are not only artistic mode changes, but decisions by social and economic results. Modern art keep away from traditions and stand on a return to the basic fundamentals of art. Modernism approve of the redefinitions about the consistent and constant existence, from commerce to philosophy, and  determined to finding which was the underlying reason to hindered the construction of our society, and replacing it with new. Modernists thought that by rejecting traditions they could find thoroughly new ways of making art. And the others had more pragmatic views. The key point is they believed that new technology make the old styles almost worthless.

Postmodernism discourses thus denote new artistic, cultural, or theoretical perspective which renounces modernism discourses and practices. All of these “post” terms function as sequential markers, designating that which follows and comes after the modernism. Postmodern art was paid more attention on such as pasticcio and the realism. Around 1960, the term “postmodernism” was more and more be used. At that time, most young people had begun to question the results of the science, the cold technology and pollution. They want to express their mind and desires straightly without any mask. I firmly believe that different principles come from the different period; it reflects the different societies, cultures and backgrounds.

My favorite designer Andy Warhol was an American major visual artist, and a significant filmmaker, the backbone of the pop art. His most famous art work “Marilyn Monroe”

This work is pop art and typically Postmodernism. It has no obvious thought or meaning, no purpose, no main theme to reflect, but colorful and strong visual effective.  For the audiences, that’s really easy to understand, remember and interesting in it.

In my opinion, most artworks of Postmodernism are “low art,” like “Marilyn Monroe.” Postmodernism has destroyed the high wall between “high” and “low” culture, also enlarged the critical theories. So we still should know the concept of “high art” and “low art,” also, the difference between “high art” and “low art.”

High art – Fine art, also known as beaux-arts, art that is of universal transcendence, having withstood the test of time and representing the epitome of artistic achievement, as opposed to low art, which is also known as mass culture. Until recently, a distinction was typically made between high and low art. Traditionally, high art consists of the meticulous expressionmaterials of refined or noble sentiment, appreciation of the former depending on such things as intelligence, social standing, educated taste, and a willingness to be challenged. Low art is the shoddy manufacturing in inferior materials of superficial kitsch, simply catering to popular taste, unreflective acceptance of realism, and a certain “couch potato” mentality. in fine

I think low art is just like an advertisement for the artist ego, high art is a gift from the artist to humankind. Low art looks to shock, because it craves attention, high art looks with fresh eyes, and sincerity. Low art is easy to comprehend; high art may challenge your thinking. Low art is bought to impress others or because it matches the sofa, high art stands alone, and requires something from the viewer.

This “high art” artwork is from textile artist Vivienne Pearson’s exhibition, the title is “No Place Like Home.”  We can found out the very strong thought of artist in this picture, the theme is very clear. This work is Realism. The character – a little girl, she is sit by the window; her eyes “fulfill” with emotion—“home.” The artist had rendered her gentle smile and a little bit shy perfectly. “Home is the one place in all this world where hearts are sure of each other,” reads the start of Pearson’s artist statement. “Outside the world is rife with very tangible confrontations of race, class, culture and gender,” she adds.

All in all, high art and low art are involved in Modernism and Postmodernism. They have very similar concept.

The value of art

November 12, 2009

When an artwork came out, no matter sculpture, photography or fine art, they all have their own value. However, when we judge an artwork, a picture or a film, what is the principle of judgment? How can we decide it have value or not?

Sometimes “unique” is a kind of way to decide them, even some reproductions is perfect as the originals, but they can’t outreach of them forever.  “Even the most perfect reproduction of a work of art is lacking in one element: it’s presence in time and space, its unique existence at the place where it happens to be. This unique existence of the work of art determined the history to which it was subject throughout the time of its existence.” (“The work of art in the age of mechanical reproduction” by Walter Benjamin)So unique not only means only one, it also means a section of time, history, culture, background or life. There is a phenomenon, when an artist died, his or her works will be priceless overnight.

Unique make a work of art valuable, but it isn’t the only way to give a definition to value of artwork. Also, copy is the tool to make and create a work of art, reproduction is art. “In principle a work of art has always been reproducible. Man-made artifacts could always be imitated by men. Replicas were made by pupils in practice of their craft, by masters for diffusing their works, and, finally, by third parties in the pursuit of gain. Mechanical reproduction of a work of art, however, represents something new. Historically, it advanced intermittently and in leaps at long intervals, but with accelerated intensity. The Greeks knew only two procedures of technically reproducing works of art: founding and stamping. Bronzes, terra cottas, and coins were the only art works which they could produce in quantity. All others were unique and could not be mechanically reproduced. With the woodcut graphic art became mechanically reproducible for the first time, long before script became reproducible by print. The enormous changes which printing, the mechanical reproduction of writing, has brought about in literature are a familiar story. However, within the phenomenon which we are here examining from the perspective of world history, print is merely a special, though particularly important, case. During the Middle Ages engraving and etching were added to the woodcut; at the beginning of the nineteenth century lithography made its appearance. With lithography the technique of reproduction reached an essentially new stage.”(“The work of the art in the age of mechanical reproduction” by Walter Benjamin)

Lithography, photography or printmaking all are the kind of art and very close to our life. Such as: books, newspapers, brands, titles, Logos and so on. Different design, color and different shape of the letter, color photography or black and white photography, they can embody different concept and bring different feeling to people. They are making life rich and colorful. “Lithography enabled graphic art to illustrate everyday life, and it began to keep pace with printing. But only a few decades after its invention, lithography was surpassed by photography. For the first time in the process of pictorial reproduction, photography freed the hand of the most important artistic functions which henceforth devolved only upon the eye looking into a lens. Since the eye perceives more swiftly than the hand can draw, the process of pictorial reproduction was accelerated so enormously that it could keep pace with speech. A film operator shooting a scene in the studio captures the images at the speed of an actor’s speech. Just as lithography virtually implied the illustrated newspaper, so did photography foreshadow the sound film”. As the process of lithography, photography and printmaking, their development made daily life and visual art more multivariate. They bring more probability for creation of art.

I want to talk about the value in photography. Not sure since when, photography seems become a very trendy activity to many people nowadays. When you go around in the city, there are quite a lot of people carrying around bags of camera equipments, or having a DSLR hanging around their necks. People are spending more and more money on cameras and lens, but is this the value of photography? I don’t think so. I think camera just a tool to show the world of photographer which they found through their eyes and heart. A work of photography usually includes the strong emotional of the photographer. We like to judge an artwork by it looks, but in photography, some works do not look beautiful and conform to the usual aesthetic standard. It’s a reflection of history, human, society, and emotion or some abstract thought of artist. Ansel Adams, was a visionary figure in nature photography and wilderness preservation, one of my favorite photographers. Through his works, almost all the pictures are showing his hometown, California. We are not only can see the landscape in California in his works, but also can feel his love of the nature and his hometown.

All in all, the value of art is including particular creation, unique emotion, unique concept and the skill of specialized field.

Computer and Printing Press

October 27, 2009

In my point of view, Internet in nowadays is more effective than printing press in society. People can get any information from Internet immediately, such as: The News, e-mail or anything we want to know in any field. It’s more quickly and convenient. We can share the pictures, videos or download music, books, movies even though established our own blog, chat with friend, sending e-mail. There are large numbers of news from all over the world. People even can get the latest news in few minutes when the event happened. If we don’t have the Internet, it’s impossible for us to get the fresh news as soon as possible.

When important events are happened around the world, most people turn to traditional media sources, such as CNN and BBC, for their news. However, during the invasion of Iraq by the Unites State and its allies in early 2003, a significant number of people followed the war from the point of view of an anonymous Iraqi citizen who called himself “Salam Pax” (Salam means “peace” in Arabic)

Blogs, short for “web-logs,” are online diaries, usually kept by individuals, but sometimes by companies and other groups of people. Salam Pax wrote a diary about everyday life in Baghdad during the war, and posted it on his web site. Pax’s online diary was a kind of web site known as a “blog”. They are the fastest growing type of web site on the Internet. In 2003, there were estimated to be several hundred thousand blogs on the Internet, and the number was growing by tens of thousands a month.

There are many different kinds of blogs. The most popular type is an online diary of links, where the blog write surfs the Internet and them posts links so sites or news articles that they find interesting, with a few comments about each one. Other types are personal diaries, where the writer talks about their life and feelings. Sometimes these blogs can be very personal.

Many people think that as blogs become more common, news reporting will rely less on big media companies, and more on ordinary people posting news to the Internet. They think that then the news will be less like a lecture, and more like a conversation, where anyone can join in.

Internet is changing the life style of people. Many people told me like my father and uncle, they used to buy a newspaper on the way to their office and found time to read it. But now they can read the news in the internet while they are drinking their first cup of tea of a day.

Historically, advancing culture is bound to triumph over declining culture. As more information come to our daily life, people needs more advanced tools to satisfy the demand of information. Then Internet was invented, it is connect the whole world. Me for example: I am an international student, I applied Long Island University through the Internet last year. When I was applying, there are any questions which I can’t understand I just can send e-mail to the international student office as soon as possible when my problems come out, and they will answer them in a day. It is fast and safe.

However, Internet just a tool of media and communications. It only can through computer to go to the Internet, even though the laptop is more and more small and easy to take it to anywhere like a book. For me, I love printing more than computer and Internet. Printing not only can disseminate views but also is an artistic form. When I am reading a book or newspaper, I can touch it, smile it, feel it. I can put all my books on the bookshelf. I love the beautiful Print title on the cover of the book. It’s totally different to sit at the desk and face a computer.

Printing is a part of the history, nothing can Instead of it. Even though my father can read the latest news in the Internet, but he is still keep on his habit which is buy a newspaper every morning on the way to his office.

Hello world!

September 15, 2009

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